The suggestion to use nonviolent resistance to defeat ISIS is based on the evidence of research that nonviolent resistance can be effective even against the most ruthless foes. We need to provide funding and training for local civil society actors in the vast array of methods of nonviolent resistance. The local civil society actors need to decide what tactics would most likely be effective, fit with their culture and illuminate human dignity. There is hope as Iraqi and Syrian civil society groups have already built a base of such strategic actions (ex. local ceasefires even with ISIS), on which to build.