Úrsula Oswald Spring is a full-time researcher at the National University of Mexico-Regional Multidisciplinary Research Centre (CRIM-UNAM). She has studied medicine, psychology, philosophy, modern languages, anthropology and ecology in Madagascar, Paris, Zurich and México and has a PhD from the University of Zurich. Between1998-2000 she was President of the International Peace Research Association and served as IPRA’s Secretary-General from 2016-2018. From 2002-2006, she was General Secretary of Latin-American Council for Peace Research (CLAIP), where she is now Honorary President. From 1992 to 1994 she was also the first General Attorney (an ombudswoman for the environment) and from 1994 to 1998 the Minister of Environmental Development in the state of Morelos.